Hexagonal Convolutional Neural Network for Noma Rician Channel Estimator using Hexagonal Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

Mohan Dhas Jenish Dev, David Judson


NOMA techniques have attracted much attention due to their ability to support massive connectivity, heterogeneous data traffic, and ultra-low latency requirements, making them ideal for next-generation wireless communication networks. In this paper proposed a novel Hexa CNN for NOMA Rician channel estimator using Hexagonal Quadrature Amplitude Modulation for signal detection and channel estimation (Hexa-QAM). Conventional OFDM-NOMA with HQAM is utilized at the transmitter (tx) side as pilot symbols which inserted to OFDM-NOMA signals to employs the channel estimation (CE) and signal detection advantages of OFDM. Three pilot insertion types Comp, Block, and Hexa were used in the proposed model. The proposed Hexa-QAM can detect the symbols for all users without additional operations based on pilot responses and data signals. However, Hexa CNN is used at the receiver to accomplish a joint flexible signal detection. The Hexagonal Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (Hexa CNN) achieves much better error performance than similar detectors. The proposed Hexa-QAM scheme outperformed the existing OMA-NOMA, MRC, PD-NOMA, and UR-NOMA, approach in terms of energy efficiency. The EE of the proposed Hexa-QAM technique is 17 %, 18%, 23.2%, 23% and 28 % better than existing techniques.


Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing; Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access; Convolutional neural network; Hexagonal Quadra-ture Amplitude Modulation; Hexa CNN

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33180/InfMIDEM2024.104


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